What we believe is what we’ll
see. This means that we are not just data determined, but also
hypothesis determined. The brain as computer and as biological
evolutionary system determines a story constructed to be called
What is the practical value in
this? About decision-making? About how to change some mental
models? Some lessons from neuroscience, psychology, and strategic
1. For any situation, look at
the data, but also at the hypothesis—the default assumption that
appears as “given.”
2. Since we shape and filter the
world by our hypotheses, they need to be continuously tested.
3. Examine the hypotheses that
work and the ones that don’t work.
4. Challenge your thinking and
Interact with diverse people and
keep an open “beginner’s mind” rather than a quick foreclosure
to a new idea. Life as a series of experiments keeps a system open
to the new. Premature closure occurs by too-rapid judgment, as well
as moving a new idea into an already existing model to lose the
context of a new model. This style of dismissal occurs frequently
among very bright people with significant life experiences who
immediately relate something new to something that they already
know, absorbing it into an old context or meaning without sufficient
5. We become comfortable and
dependent on our old habits; uncertainty and discomfort result when
we move away from existing internal models.
6. Use data to test a hypothesis
rather than to automatically confirm it.
7. Distinguish between
transforming your thinking and being caught up in a new fad.
Focus on the foreground without
losing sight of the background’s big picture. Repeat zooming in
and out to keep perspective. Both microscopic and macroscopic views
8. The best way to excise
something from your life is not to ignore it. The best way to avoid
something is to be informed by it.
By avoiding something, you
engage it, and keep it central in your life. To ignore takes energy,
and moves you from a centered, healthy place. Decide what you want
to keep, what you want to avoid, and what you want to let go.
9. You are always free to change
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Thank you for your wisdom inspiring us to thrive in our ever changing world David. "...keep an open beginners mind." Challenge our thinking and assumptions...interact with diverse people, see life as a series of experiments. Because, "Premature closure occurs by too-rapid judgment absorbing it into an old context or meaning without sufficient examination."
Mary Margaret White-Levilian